Kanha National Park
Kanha National Park is divided in to 12 ranges,only 3 ranges is open for the tourist which is Kanha,Kisli& Mukki range. People can enter in to the park by 2 gates Khatia gate & Mukki gate.
Kanha National Park was conceived in 1955 and is spread over an area of more than 935 sq.km. It got recognized as a tiger reserve under Project Tiger in 1974. It’s also considered as one of the most well maintained National Parks in Asia.
In Kanha National Park is Bamni Dadar (plateau) most tourist who comes to the national park visit there. This place is also known as the sunset point. The Kanha National Park is at it scenic best at this point. The sunset from this spot is mesmerizing. The grazing sambhar, barking deer, gaurs, and other animals make the ambience magical.
Bamni dadar is having the aero strip which was used by the Britishers when they come for hunting. Now the areo strip is converted in to grass lands & now its home blue bull four horned antilope,wolf & jungle cat. Nakti Ghati & salghat road is best place to see the sun rising.
Kanha national park was exclusive hunting grounds for the British. These areas supported large numbers of the swamp deer or hardground barasingha. When over hunting led to their numbers being depleted, the forests were closed to shikar in 1931. In 1933 Kanha valley was gazetted as a sanctuary with an area of about 250 sq. kms (96 sq. miles). In 1935 the adjoining Halon valley around Supkhar with an area of 300 sq. kms (116 sq. miles) was given the status of a sanctuary and was attached to Kanha.
In 1955 the Banjar valley was upgraded to a National Park, and the park was called Kanha National Park. This was done through special legislation and was the culmination of a furore that followed the ruthless hunting of 30 tigers, by a privileged shikari (hunter) in the area in and around the Banjar valley and the Halon valley. The initial area of the National Park was 253 sq. km. In 1962 it was expanded to 318 sq. kms (123 sq. miles), and in 1970 Mukki Valley was added, bringing its area to 446 sq. kms (172 sq. miles).
When Project Tiger was initially launched in 1973, nine Tiger Reserves were selected for this and one of them was Kanha National Park. Under Project Tiger, the Halon valley was integrated into the park first as a sanctuary in 1974, and as National Park status in 1976. With this integration, the areas of Kanha National Park went up to its present area of 940 sq. kms (363 sq. miles).
Kanha Tiger Reserve is constituted on a “core-buffer” strategy. The entire National Park area of 940 sq. kms is the core zone, free from biotic disturbances of any sort. There is a buffer zone of 1,005 sq. km falling in four forest divisions – Mandla, Balaghat, Kawardha and Dindori, which surrounds the core zone. This buffer zone is treated as a “multiple use area”, with 40 percent being forest area and the rest being revenue land. This total conservation unit encompassing 1945 sq. kms (750 sq. miles) is called Kanha Tiger Reserve.
In the heart of kanha there is museum which tells about the history of kanha & the animals been found in kanha with their skeletons, tourist can read the reports in museum been given by the scientist after reaching on kanha tigers. Earlier the museum was the rest house for the births hunters & now its room been converted in museum.
What to look for
Kanha meadows is good place to see tigers as most of the tigers share there territory in meadows coz most the food is find in meadows, tigers which share there teritory , they chugri female, bison road female,link no.9 female,shijohra road female, some time link no. 7 female come towards the kanha meadows. In kanha meadows people been taken by the guides to Schaller heights & bison road as the best tiger view people get from Schaller heights. Most of the tigers is seen in kanha meadows coz in the evening time tigers use to relax in the grass land under the tree. To prtotect them from heat.
Sonf meadows is best place to see hard ground swamp deers or barasingha if you are lucky then you can also see the sloth beer coz 4-7 sloth beers is in sonf meadows. Sonf meadows is ruled by 2 tigers male & female, sonf meadow female & male.
The hard ground barasingha can only found in kanha national park not else any where in the world. In 1976 only 30-60 barasinga left & it was the challenge for the park athourties to save it. The draw back in barasingha is they only give one litter once year & only special kind of grass which is called Scrass Grass in hindi it is Kans Grass. Park athourties decided to make an fence area where they can keep left barasinga under there surveillance the fence are covered at least 20 sq km. after keeping the swamp deers in fencing are park athourties breed them & now kanha is having more then 250 swamp deers in park. Still there is fence area & there is barasinga in the fence area, park athourities still keeping some of them, coz if any thing goes wrong again with barasingha so that they can re-breed them in fenching area.
Tiger can also seen in Mukkki & Kisli range, in Kisli rane there is chimta camp female shared her terrotry with her sister & there is male tiger who ruled in Kisli range can be seen near jamun talab & gohra kachaar.
Elephat safari is very famous in kanha if tourist is unlucky to see the tigers from jeep they can see it from elepahat back & can take some of the pictures of tiger.